By Daniel Bochsler
The booklet extends study at the territorial constitution of social gathering structures (party nationalization) to twenty post-communist democracies. It explains social gathering nationalisation as a result of ethnically orientated politics, and exhibits how get together nationalisation can elevate our knowing of electoral platforms.
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Extra resources for Territory and Electoral Rules in Post-Communist Democracies
If this problem is taken seriously, the fractionalisation of the party system in parliament turns out to be a more accurate expression of the proportionality of an electoral system than the disproportionality between seats and votes. Concentration is an important aspect for the governability of a party system. In small party systems, it is much easier to build a minimalwinning, one-party cabinet than in large party systems (Lijphart, 1999, 18 Territory and Electoral Rules in Post-Communist Democracies pp.
The most frequent and basic distinction in the world of electoral systems is that between PR and plurality vote. 2, top). 19 The general view has since been amended in two directions. On the one hand, scholars have elaborated on the conditions – partly already mentioned by Duverger – that need to be fulfilled for plurality vote to really lead to two-party competition. On the other hand, PR systems have been differentiated, mainly according to the size of their districts, so that the binary view of PR versus plurality vote became a continuous axis of proportionality, with district magnitude as the main variable.
The third model employs the concept of the effective threshold (Lijphart, 1994b), comparing the legal threshold with district magnitude. The effective threshold is equal to the lower of the values inverted legal threshold and district magnitude. The lower of the two values is the more restrictive barrier against the entry of small parties. 35 Neither of the operationalisations, nor the control variables, explains substantively the number of parties. 4 Conclusions: Do electoral systems not work in post-communist countries?
Territory and Electoral Rules in Post-Communist Democracies by Daniel Bochsler