By Paul Slack
One in a sequence of works commissioned by means of the commercial historical past Society that are meant to supply present interpretations of key subject matters of monetary and social heritage. This quantity discusses the goals, implementation, statutes and eventual failure and reform of the English negative Law.
Read or Download The English Poor Law 1531–1782 PDF
Similar economic history books
The function of large-scale company enterprisebig company and its managersduring the youth of recent capitalism (from the 1850s till the Nineteen Twenties) is delineated during this pathmarking ebook. Alfred Chandler, Jr. , the prestigious enterprise historian, units forth the explanations for the dominance of huge company in American transportation, communications, and the valuable sectors of construction and distribution.
Making the most of the Plains seems at inextricably associated historic hobbies within the usa: the westward growth of the nice Northern Railway and the rural improvement of the northern plains. Claire Strom explores the continual, idiosyncratic makes an attempt through the good Northern to spice up agricultural construction alongside its rail routes from St.
The event of the industrial Advisory Council presents the suitable coverage history to the Keynesian revolution in fiscal idea, and to the adoption of the foundations of financial administration in Britain through the moment international warfare. This learn of this pioneering advisory establishment opposed to the inter-war surroundings of melancholy, monetary quandary and restoration relies on govt documents, supplemented by way of different modern assets.
The Zheng kin of retailers and militarists emerged from the tumultuous 17th century amid a serious financial melancholy, a harrowing dynastic transition from the ethnic chinese language Ming to the Manchu Qing, and the 1st wave of ecu growth into East Asia. lower than 4 generations of leaders over six a long time, the Zheng had come to dominate exchange around the China Seas.
- Mixed Fortunes: An Economic History of China, Russia, and the West
- The Crisis Zone of Europe: An Interpretation of East-Central European History in the First Half of the Twentieth Century
- Capitalism, Institutions, and Economic Development
- An Economic History of South Africa: Conquest, Discrimination, and Development
Extra resources for The English Poor Law 1531–1782
Thirdly, there was the problem of the generous or inefficient overseer: how should he be supervised and how could he be prevented from taking the easy course of providing casual doles or regular pensions to all who applied? The three problems overlapped in the continuing debate. It will perhaps aid clarity, however, if we separate them in what follows . (i) ENTITLEMENT AND SETTLEMENT It was generally accepted in the later seventeenth and eight- eenth centuries that the poor had a right to relief in cases of extreme necessity, or 'indigency', as it came to be termed.
R. Mitchell and P. Deane, AbstractofBritishHistorical Statistics (Cambridge, 1971), p. 488. Column 4 is based on the assumption that one quarter of wheat would feed one person for a year. But local reductions seem always to have been outweighed by increasing expenditure elsewhere, so that the gross national total was always rising, as Table I suggests. Column I gives the only contemporary estimates of relief expenditure in which we can place much confidence. The Board of Trade's calculation for 1696, though based on extrapolation from partial returns, seems likely to be closer to the truth than other, higher, figures sometimes given for the later seventeenth century.
First, it is argued that it created an expensive bureaucratic maze, an unnecessary burden alike on justices of the peace, parish officers and the poor. Secondly, it is said that this heavyweight bureaucracy was a harmful brake on mobility, hampering the movement of population from areas where labour was in surplus to areas where it was required. One only needs to look at any collection of parish or county records to appreciate the force of the first charge. Parishes had to keep bundles of settlement certificates and approach justices for removal orders; sessions had to hear appeal after appeal against removal and deal with disputes between parishes.
The English Poor Law 1531–1782 by Paul Slack