Read e-book online The Languages of Japan PDF

By Masayoshi Shibatani

ISBN-10: 0521369185

ISBN-13: 9780521369183

Scanned ebook, no OCR

This publication surveys the 2 major indigenous languages of Japan, jap and Ainu. No genetic dating has been validated among them, and structurally they range considerably. Shibatani has consequently divided his learn into self reliant elements. the 1st is the main accomplished learn of the polysynthetic Ainu language but to seem in English. the second one half bargains widely with jap. It discusses subject matters from the evolution of the writing method and the diversities among men's and women's speech, to problems with higher theoretical complexity, corresponding to phonology, the lexicon and notice formation, and the syntax of agglutinative morphology. As an American knowledgeable pupil in Japan, the writer is in a special place that provides him a twin standpoint on language deriving from Western linguistic scholarship and the japanese grammatical culture.

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3). A chief economist from the Bank, Toshihiko Yoshino, persistently claimed that ‘economic growth should be stable’ and economic growth rates should be restrained so as to prevent inflation and overall balance of payment deficits (Kinyu Zaisei Jijo Kenkyukai 1959, p. 135; Shimomura, Yoshino et al. 1966, pp. 135–138). 3 Keynesianism In the late 1940s and early 1950s, Keynesians were a much smaller group in comparison with economic liberalists, but they included two important political figures: Tanzan Ishibashi and Hayato Ikeda.

67). 4. 1 Turning point In 1955, per capita GNP exceeded the prewar level (Hashimoto 1989, p. 58). The 1956 Economic White Paper announced the end of the postwar recovery and claimed ‘It is no longer the “postwar” period. Growth through recovery ended. Growth henceforth will be sustained by modernization’ (Kosai 1986, p. 106). The authors of the White Paper were not optimistic about future prospects; this was the dominant view at that time. Economic Planning Agency economist Yonosuke Goto, who was the lead author of the White Paper, was concerned that the end of the recovery stage would lead to a decline in investment incentives and, accordingly, a decline in economic growth rate.

31–34). The argument for financial ‘normalization’ was related to the disputes on rapid growth versus stable growth, as the central bank’s loans to the commercial banks had an important role in supplying sufficient resources to private capital investment, and therefore it was an important part of financing rapid growth at that time (Komiya 1972, pp. 107, 125–126). University of Tokyo Professor Ryutaro Komiya analyzed the phenomenon of overloans, and concluded that overloaning, in itself, did not distort financial market mechanisms (Komiya 1972, pp.

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The Languages of Japan by Masayoshi Shibatani


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