By David Shaffer, Bruce D. Waslick
Even supposing learn at the prognosis and therapy of melancholy in little ones and kids has lagged a ways at the back of that during adults, contemporary large-scale studies?armed with operationalized standards and tested evaluation instruments?have performed a lot to shut this hole. within the Many Faces of melancholy in kids and youth, Drs. Shaffer and Waslick lead a distinctive workforce of individuals in proposing an summary of the major findings and ideas rising from contemporary empirical efforts to appreciate the reason for depressive ailment in formative years. Featured are the next: -Current findings concerning the epidemiology, analysis, and remedy of melancholy in formative years and early life -Results of significant medical trials comparing outpatient psychotherapeutic interventions for depressed and suicidal teenagers and youth (e.g., cognitive-behavior remedy and interpersonal psychotherapy for depressed youngsters and young people; dialectical habit treatment for suicidal adolescence) -State-of-the-art ideas of pharmacotherapy for acute, continuation, and upkeep remedy stages of significant depressive illness in young children and teenagers -Dilemmas and demanding situations regarding the prognosis of bipolar disease in young children -Current wisdom in regards to the epidemiology and medical manifestations of?and the etiological hazard elements for?suicidal ideation, suicide makes an attempt, and accomplished suicide -Developments within the rising box of teenybopper suicide prevention a useful compendium of present idea on a illness whose strength effects should be not anything in need of devastating, this quantity belongs at the bookshelf of each clinician who treats young children and youngsters.
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Extra resources for The Many Faces of Depression in Children and Adolescents (Review of Psychiatry)
Like the studies with preadolescents, the two active treatments were superior to wait list in the reduction of depressive symptoms, with no differences identified between the two active treatments. The lack of difference between the two active treatments also could be due to the small sample size. Fine et al. (1991) compared a social skills training group with Psychotherapy for Depression and Suicidal Behavior 43 a therapeutic support group, each consisting of five sessions over 12 weeks for 66 adolescents meeting DSM-III-R (American Psychiatric Association 1987) criteria for depression or dysthymia.
1990). The parental component may prove to be more beneficial for preadolescents who show greater dependency and for whom problems are more likely to be affected by the parental/familial context. The added benefit of parental 44 THE MANY FACES OF DEPRESSION IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS involvement has yet to be empirically proven for the treatment of depression in adolescents. Clarke et al.
Academic, health, social). High levels of comorbidity, however, do call into question the specificity of the diagnosis because dysphoric reactions, even when prolonged, sometimes can be attributable to a variety of negative events and stresses. In addition, groups of individuals with subsyndromal depressive symptoms that do not meet criteria for the diagnosis of major depression have shown in some studies similar levels of impairment and similar longitudinal course of illness as those meeting full criteria (Lewinsohn et al.
The Many Faces of Depression in Children and Adolescents (Review of Psychiatry) by David Shaffer, Bruce D. Waslick