The New Science and Jesuit Science: Seventeenth Century - download pdf or read online

By M. Feingold

ISBN-10: 9048161150

ISBN-13: 9789048161157

ISBN-10: 9401703612

ISBN-13: 9789401703611

"One can't discuss arithmetic within the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries with out seeing a Jesuit at each corner," George Sarton saw in 1940. * Sarton, in fact, used to be now not the 1st to acknowledge the disproportionate illustration of individuals of the Society of Jesus within the clinical company of the early glossy interval. even if, not like many historians who belittled the discernible numerical energy of the Jesuits due to the fact that they lacked originality and have been often opposed to new principles, Sarton correlated numerical energy with importance. for that reason his plea for gathering the papers of that industrious historian of Jesuit technological know-how, Henri Bosmans, was once fairly clean. but Sarton's attraction went unheeded, and never simply with appreciate to Bosmans' papers. The conception of the Jesuits as plodding pedagogues and obscurantists remained as ingrained as ever, nearly sanctioning the forget in their actions. Such overlook intended that the precise nature of the Jesuit contribution to the medical Revolution remained sketchy at most sensible; only in the near past - due to a long-overdue exam of the Order's data and of released texts - have new contours all started to emerge. remarkable during this reassessment is a extra nuanced appreciation of the Jesuits' interplay with "modernity" and a much larger acceptance of the Jesuit contribution to the 2 poles of recent technological know-how: the mathematization of average philosophy and experimental science.

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The use of putti to perform experiments, later to become widespread, was a convention first adopted a year previously by Rubens in his illustrations for the Jesuit Francois Aguilon's colossal work on optics, the Opticorum libri sex. 120 In our case, as we are informed that the experiments described by Bardi were actually carried out by Grienberger, the performing putti might be said to represent his ultimate act of iconographic self-effacement - Grienberger's only surviving self-portrait, one might say.

3! CONCLUSION: ANTI-GALILEO This paper has aimed to demonstrate Grienberger's deployment of pedagogy, bureaucracy, and anonymity to effect significant changes in the way the natural world was understood by his peers. In spite of the increasing dangers involved in public opposition to Aristotle in the Jesuit context, Grienberger was prepared to use the public forum offered by the mathematical problemata to attack a number of key tenets of Aristotelian natural philosophy and to defend the legitimacy of mathematics as a key instrument for the investigation of the natural world.

All of these spectators were, Stelluti continues, "extremely Figure 10. Hydrostatic experiments, from Christoph Grienberger, De ijs quae vehuntur in aquis, recited in the Collegio Romano by Giovanni Bardi, 23 June 1614, APUG Fondo Curia 2052 VIII 53v-54r (Appendix XV). Pen and ink with wash. " o § o (') CIl tTl ~ 52 ~ CIl o otTl ~ 6 » ~ Pi CIl ~ tTl :I: ~ ~ 28 MICHAEL JOHN GORMAN satisfied to see such a "good Jesuitical demonstration" towards Galileo, to the annoyance of his imitators. 117 The opening of Bardi's talk recounts Galileo's recent metamorphosis from sidereal messenger into Neptune.

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