By Paul H. Hardacre
The royalists of the puritan revolution. even supposing amply spotted in martyrologies and other kinds of latest writing. have in view that been mostly overlooked. and no entire modem account has formerly been released. The past due Sir Charles Firth's paper. "The Royalists below the Protectorate. " 1 used to be initially meant as a lecture. was once unavoidably really short. and covers merely a part of the interval tested during this learn. in spite of the fact that. i'm below heavy tasks to it as will look. Dr. Keith Feiling's research of the Tory celebration. whereas touching upon the civil warfare years. is of course basically excited about the interval after 1660. 2 a necessity exists. as a result. for a clean exam of the heritage of the royalists. dependent not just all alone bills in their hardships. yet on different fabric besides. Such an inquiry may still elucidate the advance of the royalists as a celebration and the background of a few of the innovative governments of the days. it's going to provide to boot a vital advent to the historical past of the recovery payment and to the later heritage of events. to provide such an research is the aim of this learn. Emphasis all through has been at the monetary and social stipulations of the royalists. because the tale in their army contributions to the king and in their plots opposed to the revolution ary governments has been accurately handled within the regular old bills. No test has been made to debate the royalists' position within the highbrow heritage of the age.
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Extra resources for The Royalists during the Puritan Revolution
Therefore, it was put to a vote and decided to confiscate the estates of all the excepted persons, but to execute no more than seven. Newcastle, "the first fire~brand in the North," led the list. Digby, the volatile secretary of state, followed, having recently engaged in Irish designs. Sir Marmaduke Langdale, one of the king's most brilliant commanders and a leader in the second civil war, was probably included because he was a Catholic. Sir Richard Grenville and John, Lord Byron, both notorious plunderers during the war, were nominated, as was Sir Francis Doddington, who had perfidiously broken engage~ ments with parliamentary commanders and who had executed numbers o( prisoners of war.
56 After June 1648 this tax was exacted exclusively from delinquents. 57 An analysis of its collection is valuable for showing how parliament's taxation policy discrimi~ nated against royalists and neutrals, as well as demonstrating how the policy failed. Take, for example, the approximately one hundred lords who were assessed for fifths and twentieths. 300. 313 per peer. In almost none of these cases are the proceedings full enough to determine the outcome, but it is obvious that only a small percentage of the total was collected.
And so on; and by 1646 half the ministers who lost their cures between 1642 and 1659 had been removed. The number of parochial clergy thus comprehended has been variously esti~ mated. 600 apparently being as well founded as any. As Gardiner observed. and as the most recent investigator of the subject reminds us. the importance of the sequestrations lies not in their number but in the disruption of the Established Church which resulted. 12 On the other hand. where sufficient data exist to survey the clergy of a county as a whole.
The Royalists during the Puritan Revolution by Paul H. Hardacre