By R. M. E. Diamant, N. S. Billington and E. Ower (Auth.)
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Typical costs of complete plants including buildings but excluding interest during construction are as follows (1967). (a) 1800 rpm set running intermittently with a capacity of 10,000 kW, $300-380 per kW. (b) 1800 rpm set as before but with a capacity of 70,000 kW, $180200 per kW. (c) 1000 rpm set operated continuously with a acapacity of 70,000 kW, $270-300 per kW. (d) 2 MW set burning diesel oil $140-180 per kW. (e) 2 MW set burning heavy oil (Bunker C), $180-200 per kW. Most diesel engines are written off in between 10 and 20 years, the shorter period applying to high-speed engines.
The pump arrangement provides prehcater C-ZlJi \Y ■=*—σ burner tig. metal Ö ' Stirling engine recharching ► Fio. 15. The use of LiF and AI2O3 as heat-storage materials in conjunction with Stirling engine. ) PRINCIPAL PRIME MOVERS 45 oil refreshment and the possibility of regulating the pressure difference by bleeding oil via the regulating valve. With such seals reproducible lifetimes of more than 10,000 hours at 1500 rpm can be obtained. Efficiency of Stirling Engine Assuming that standard 18-8 chromium nickel steels are used for the hot parts which limits the temperature and pressure conditions to 1300°F and 1600 psig (700°C and 110 bar(g)), a 670 kW Stirling engine running at 525 rpm has an overall efficiency of 43-5 % as against around 30 % of a similar diesel engine.
Allowing 12 % losses in the boiler house, this means that 58 %, or more than half the heat in the original fuel, passes into the condenser cooling water and is lost. This is really an oversimplification of the heat distribution, because modern power 53 54 TOTAL ENERGY stations have multi-stage feed-heating and re-heat cycles. However, it indicates that the greater part of the available heat is lost because a steam turbine cannot make appreciable use of the latent heat. The overall thermal efficiency of generation by all the Central Electricity Generating Board stations in 1967 was only 27-87%.
Total Energy by R. M. E. Diamant, N. S. Billington and E. Ower (Auth.)