By Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development OECD
How OECD nations can reconcile the 2 possibly contradictory targets of incapacity coverage has but to be resolved. One target is to make sure that disabled voters should not excluded from society; that they're inspired and empowered to take part as absolutely as attainable in monetary and social existence, and particularly to have interaction in gainful employment. the opposite target is to make sure that people who are disabled have source of revenue safeguard; that they're now not denied the skill to stay decently as a result of disabilities that could limit their incomes power. This publication offers a scientific research of a wide range of work industry and social safety courses aimed toward individuals with disabilities. interpreting the connection among regulations and results throughout twenty OECD international locations, it supplies the reader a greater figuring out of the dilemmas and successes of incapacity coverage. The document concludes promising new incapacity coverage strategy should still circulation toward the philosophy of unemployment courses through: emphasizing activation, selling adapted early intervention, removal disincentives to paintings, introducing a tradition of mutual tasks, and regarding employers. The ebook demonstrates that many nations' regulations already contain a few parts, that are very important elements in the sort of new procedure.
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Extra resources for Transforming Disability into Ability: Policies to Promote Work and Income Security for Disabled People
1). A large proportion of disabled people may indicate a milder average disability level in this group, which could have an impact on employment rates. Overall, however, there is no 34 TRANSFORMING DISABILITY INTO ABILITY – ISBN 92-64-19887-3 – © OECD 2003 3. 3. 3 .. 2 .. 7 .. 8 .. 2 .. 9 .. 1 .. Data not available. a) Degree of severity of disability not available for Canada, Mexico, Norway, Poland and Switzerland. 1. correlation between disability prevalence and relative employment rates, suggesting that other factors – which are analysed in later sections – are much more important.
It seems that in this country many people do not have any choice other than making an income through work; this hypothesis is supported by the unusually large difference in relative employment rates between moderately disabled and severely disabled people (80% vs. 20%). 3). For half of the countries, the rate is very close to 45%. 6). Mexico, Korea and Italy rank much worse in terms of absolute employment rates, due to their low overall employment rate. In Australia and Spain, differences in employment rates between severely and moderately disabled people are much smaller than on average – a consequence of extremely low employment rates among moderately disabled Spaniards and relatively high employment rates of severely disabled Australians.
On average, these rates are only a little above 50% of those of people without disabilities. The low relative employment rates of disabled people over age 50 suggest considerable overlap between the disability a nd the older workers issues. The TRANSFORMING DISABILITY INTO ABILITY – ISBN 92-64-19887-3 – © OECD 2003 35 3. 4. 56 .. 77 .. .. .. 62 .. .. 35 .. .. 75 .. 62 .. .. .. 73 a .. Data not available. a) Age, gender or educational attainment not available for Australia, Mexico, Norway, Poland and Switzerland.
Transforming Disability into Ability: Policies to Promote Work and Income Security for Disabled People by Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development OECD