By Wouter van der Brug, Claes H. de Vreese
Whilst direct elections for the eu Parliament have been first geared up in 1979, the assumption used to be that such direct elections could raise the democratic legitimacy and responsibility of the Parliament. furthermore, the elections have been anticipated to elevate public curiosity, engagement and help for the ecu venture. Did those elections support to extend legitimacy and responsibility? Did they bring up curiosity in and aid for the 'European project'? Or, did those elections have accidental (and possibly bad) outcomes? This quantity makes a speciality of the implications of eu elections for public debate and involvement, for social gathering platforms, and for public opinion.
EP elections have brought on a couple of meant results: the salience of the elections within the media has long gone up and through the years electoral pageant turns into extra very important, conducting the crusade may help enhance ecu reviews, and Europe as a subject matter has turn into extra very important for vote casting at EP elections, boosting the superiority of so-called european balloting. a few meant effects haven't materialized throughout the lifetime of the EP up to now: wisdom or turnout degrees haven't long past up and voters haven't develop into higher at judging what political events are providing. The EP elections have, although, additionally yielded a couple of unintentional effects: EP elections hose down turnout for first time citizens in next elections, EP elections reason transitority decline in ecu help, and the elections became a strategic enviornment for political events to put themselves on european concerns and for brand spanking new routine and events to spice up or maintain their success.
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Extra resources for (Un)intended consequences of EU parliamentary elections
2004; De Vreese et al. 2006; De Vreese et al. 2007; Schuck et al. 2010). 1 For television news, the entire bulletin was coded, while for newspapers only front pages were analysed (for more information see De Vreese et al. 2006; Schuck et al. 2 We estimate multilevel models for each news outlet per election year (N = 301), which are clustered in election year and country contexts (see also Boomgaarden et al. 2013). The ﬁrst dependent measure pertains to the visibility of EP news. We distinguish all news stories that contain a reference to the EP elections or the election campaigns.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. , et al. (2008). 50 years of European Parliament history. Florence: European University Institute. Reif, K. and Schmitt, H. (1980). Nine second-order national elections: A conceptual framework for the analysis of European election results. European Journal of Political Research, 8(1), 3–45. Rittberger, B. (2012). Institutionalizing representative democracy in the EU: The case of the European Parliament. Journal of Common Market Studies, 50, 18–37. Schmitt, H.
In Model B, the country-speciﬁc variables are added. In line with our expectations, we ﬁnd that greater party dispersion leads to more EU news. The average position of elites in the different contexts, however, did not show a signiﬁcant relationship with the dependent variable. The control variables show that the more a country exports to the EU and the bigger it is, the less EPE news is in the media. It could be that in certain countries with strong 26 Do European Elections Create a European Public Sphere?
(Un)intended consequences of EU parliamentary elections by Wouter van der Brug, Claes H. de Vreese